Is China getting ready to revalue the renminbi?
With good reason, the Chinese have been accused repeatedly over the last few years of undervaluing their currency in order to boost exports. Since the middle of 2008, they have operated an informal peg to the US dollar to allow for automatic adjustment to US dollar fluctuations. A recent article in the Financial Times by Martin Wolf said “So, whether China likes it or not, it’s heavily managed exchange rate regime is a legitimate concern of its trading partners. Its exports are now larger than those of any other country. The liberty of insignificance has vanished.”In fact, if China was an individual, they would have a stratospheric .
The Chinese National People’s Congress is the usual platform from which the top leadership announces forthcoming economic policy measures for the year. This year, however, we have seen mixed messages from the top. Zhou Xiaochuan, governor of the People’s Bank of China, gave a clear indication that China is preparing to abandon the peg. He commented that the peg was a “special measure” to help China through the global financial crisis “These kinds of policies sooner or later will be withdrawn,” said Qu Hongbin, HSBC chief economist.”This is the most explicit comment on the renminbi’s exit from the current de-facto peg made publicly by top Chinese policymakers so far. ”
However, the Chinese commerce minister, Chen Deming, who is closely involved with China’s exports, said that it would take another two or three years before China’s exports fully recovered and said that the process of currency adjustment would be “gradual and controlled”. Premier Wen Jiabao simply used the same phrase that he has used in the last few months and said that the currency would stay “basically stable”. A former senior Chinese official is believed to have said that China is concerned about taking action on revaluing the currency before the stimulus packages announced by other countries come to an end.
Chinese textiles and Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS)
Fashion may pride itself in keeping up with the times and this includes “green” fashion trends, but the textile manufacturing industry is one of the most polluting industries in the world. This is due to the effort that goes into producing cotton and synthetic fabrics but also because of the antiquated manufacturing techniques that are used to dye and finish fabric. In pursuit of the global effort to limit environmental damage, Global Organic Textile Standards (GOTS) is a certification process for every stage of textile manufacture including the ways in which chemicals and water are used and is the result of seven years of concerted effort.
China, which produces about 50 percent of the textiles such as dresses used in the US, creates 3 billion tons of soot every year and also wastes millions of tons of fabric rejected by buyers by either incinerating them or dumping them in landfills. A mill can use up to 200 tons of water for dyeing every ton of fabric and the rivers into which their waste is dumped are full of untreated toxic chemicals. Perhaps 1000 of China’s 50,000 textile mills are equipped with sensors that monitor the use of heat, water and chemicals and can provide demanding clients with reports on their environmental performance.
Despite the bottom line advantages of using environmentally friendly manufacturing methods, what else is required to get the other 49,000 of China’s textile mills to fall in line? NRDC has an initiative called Clean by Design, which encourages brands and retailers to include environmental factors to other factors such as costs and quality when they make their buying decisions. Big players in the apparel industry who have joined this initiative include Wal-Mart, GAP, Levi Strauss & Co and Nike.
If these giant companies as well as other big buyers could create criteria to qualify their suppliers on environmental considerations and create preferred suppliers only when these criteria are met, the whole textile manufacturing industry could be forced into a much greener environment. Surely, business considerations would then force the entire Chinese textile industry to be far more eco-friendly than it has hitherto been.
Many ways to get a thrilling tour of beautiful China
China is a beautiful country, with its traditional heritage and culture. Major places to travel are Beijing, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Hangzhou, and Kunming. If you are planning on traveling to China, there is more than one way in which you can enjoy a thrilling tour of the country.
You can either rent a car for a land tour, or go on a cruise for a tour of the rivers, but here are the top 10 places of China that you shouldn’t miss:
- Great Wall of China
- Forbidden City
- The Bund
- Terra Cotta Warriors
- Yellow Mountain
- Potala Palace
- Dian Chi
- Li River
- Mogao Grottos
- West Lake
fixed at any good travel site. Though complete China cannot be visited only by cruise, but a cruise tour is a must for a complete China tour.